Escorts Ltd is one of the pioneer manufacturer and exporter of Agri Machineries. The company manufactures and exports Tractors & Tractor Parts, Diesel Engines, Gears, Shafts, Gear Boxes, Engine Blocks, Crankshafts, Cylinder Heads, Connecting Rods and Spindles. They also offer brakes, couplers, shock absorbers, rail fastening systems, composite brake blocks and vulcanized rubber parts. The company through their subsidiaries operates in the ITES and financial services sectors.
Escorts Ltd was incorporated in the year 1944 as Escorts Agents Ltd in Lahore. In the year 1951, Escorts established India's first private Institute of Farm Mechanisation at Delhi and in the year 1953, Escorts (Agents) Ltd and Escorts (Agriculture and Machines) Ltd merged to form Escorts Agents Pvt Ltd. The company was converted into a public limited company in December 1959 and subsequently the name was changed to Escorts Ltd in January 1960.
In the year 1961, the company set up a manufacturing base at Faridabad for manufactures of tractors in collaboration with URSUS of Poland and launched Escort brand of tractors. Also, they made collaboration with CEKOP of Poland for manufacture of motorcycles and scooters. The first Rajdoot motorcycle rolls off the assembly line.
In the year 1969, Escorts Tractors Ltd made a technical and financial joint venture with the global giant Ford Motor Company, USA for manufacturing Ford tractors in India. And in February 1, 1971, the first tractor FORD 3000 rolled out of the factory.
In the year 1977, the company set up their first independent R&D Center namely Escorts Scientific Research Centre at Faridabad. Also, they set up their second plant at Bangalore for manufacturing piston assemblies. In the year 1979, they made collaboration with JCB Excavators Ltd., UK for manufacture of excavators.
In the year 1980, the company forayed into healthcare and set up Escorts Hospital and Research Center in Faridabad. In the year 1984, the company signed an agreement with the Japanese bike giant Yamaha to manufacture motorcycles with Yamaha technology. Also, they made collaboration with Jeumont Schneider of France and Dynapac of Sweden to manufacture EPABX systems and vibratory road compactors respectively.
In the year 1997, the company made a joint venture agreement with New Holland and launched Farmtrac Tractor. Also the made a joint venture with First Pacific Company of Hong Kong and formed Escotel Mobile Communications. In the year 1998, the company launched Powertrac tractors. They signed a MoU with Long Manufacturing Company of USA for setting up a Joint Venture in USA.
In the year 1999, the company signed a MoU with a Polish Company POL-MOT for assembling, manufacturing and marketing of Farm Machinery. In September 1999, they set up a subsidiary namely, Escosoft Technologies Ltd in the Information Technology Sector.
During the year 2001-02, the company sold their 26% shareholding in Yamaha Motors Escorts Ltd. They entered into an agreement with Claas KgaA, Germany, their joint venture partner in Escorts Claas Ltd for sale of their 60% equity in the joint venture for a consideration of Euro 13.2 million. During the year, Escorts Heart and Super Speciality Institute Ltd, Escorts Heart Centre Ltd, Automatrix India Pvt Ltd and Escorts Research and Development Ltd became the subsidiary companies.
During the year 2003-04, Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre Ltd, a subsidiary company acquired 100% paid up equity capital of Escorts Hospital and Research Centre Ltd, which had multi-speciality hospital in Faridabad. In January 2004, the company entered into an agreement with Idea Cellular Ltd to divest their share in Escorts Telecommunication Ltd.
During the year 2004-05, the Escotoonz Entertainment Pvt Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary company completed the Project 'King-II' which was applauded in MIPCOM in France. In September 2005, the company entered into an agreement with Fortis Healthcare Ltd to divest their shares in Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre Ltd for a consideration of Rs 520 crore.
During the year 2005-06, the company set up a new manufacturing facility in Rudrapur, Uttarakhand for manufacture of new range of railway equipment. The company sold their stake in the software companies and als divested 49% stake in the joint venture, Carraro India Ltd in which the company is getting out of all the unrelated business and to remain focused on the three core businesses.
During the year 2006-07, the company embarked on entering into the manufacturing of shock absorbers for commercial vehicles.